7 – 10 July, Leonidio

Next time, next year!


A Cajon is a kind of a percussion musical instrument that existed in the eighteenth century or even earlier. Its origin can be traced from the slaves of Africa and Peru which makes it known worldwide as an Afro-Peruvian musical apparatus.
There is also a great possibility that the box-like drum came from the same type of musical instruments that were being used in Angola and Antilles earlier on. Another theory on the origins of the drum dates back to when the Spaniards colonized the African territories and banned music. The African slaves notwithstanding the risks it would cause them if they kept these drums would play them secretly. The Cajon’s were made to appear like chairs and pieces of furniture so as to conceal their true nature.
The Cajon Box Drum became very famous around 1850 and musicians, particularly the Cajon players, started experimenting with the designs and features of the drum thereby causing different beats and sounds to come out of the instrument.
Cajon is made up of wood. The musical player sits on the drum and slaps the head of the Cajon situated between his legs. The front side which is called the head is made up of thin plywood. This is the part where the musician slaps the palm of his hand to make a musical sound. A hole is located on the back of the box in order to release the sound..
Other modern versions of the Cajon Drum have features that can adjust the tones and timbres in order to produce a variety of sounds. The percussionist or drummer may also slap the sides of the box with his hands if he wants to create further sounds. These types of drums are now being widely used. It has been known for its versatility and style that not only percussionists are playing but other musicians as well.